1. Symantec/
  2. Security Response/
  3. Trojan.Srizbi


Risk Level 1: Very Low

June 20, 2007
July 23, 2007 2:39:10 AM
Also Known As:
Troj/RKAgen-A [Sophos], Rootkit:W32/Agent.EA [F-Secure]
Infection Length:
154,112 bytes
Systems Affected:
Once executed, the Trojan creates the following files:
  • %System%\windbg48.sys
  • %System%\[RANDOM NAME].sys

It will also create the following file and then delete itself:

The Trojan creates the following hidden registry subkey to run the rootkit driver when the machine starts:

It also creates the following registry entry to act as an infection marker:
HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SYSTEM\CurrentControlSet\Services\RcpApi\"MachineNum" = "[XXXXXX-YYYYYY-ZZ]"

where [XXXXXX-YYYYYY-ZZ] is a combination of letters and numbers.

The threat runs only in Kernel mode and uses rootkit techniques to hide files, registry keys, and network connections.

The rootkit hooks the following kernel functions to hide its registry keys:

It also hooks the following kernel routine of NTFS filesystem driver to hide its files: \FileSystem\Ntfs\IRP_MJ_CREATE

It patches TCP/IP network drivers chain to bypass completely firewalls, IDS systems, and network sniffer tools.

The rootkit also works in Windows Safe Mode.

Next, the Trojan attempts to connect to one of the following URLs and download configuration files to send spam:

  • abr.srizhopa.biz
  • bu.srizhopa.biz
  • www.konskyvolos.com
  • www.swinmaster.com
  • www.zaibek.com
  • www.ebobuilt.com

The configuration file contains the following files used by the spam routine:
  • 000_data2
  • 001_ncommall
  • 002_senderna
  • 003_sendersu
  • config
  • message
  • mlist
  • mxdata

It then sends spam to email addresses contained in the configuration files.

The Trojan may delete log files from the following path:

It may also uninstall and delete additional files related to malicious rootkit drivers, if present:
  • ntio256.sys
  • wincom32.sys

It has been reported that it is downloaded from the following URL:


Symantec Security Response encourages all users and administrators to adhere to the following basic security "best practices":

  • Use a firewall to block all incoming connections from the Internet to services that should not be publicly available. By default, you should deny all incoming connections and only allow services you explicitly want to offer to the outside world.
  • Enforce a password policy. Complex passwords make it difficult to crack password files on compromised computers. This helps to prevent or limit damage when a computer is compromised.
  • Ensure that programs and users of the computer use the lowest level of privileges necessary to complete a task. When prompted for a root or UAC password, ensure that the program asking for administration-level access is a legitimate application.
  • Disable AutoPlay to prevent the automatic launching of executable files on network and removable drives, and disconnect the drives when not required. If write access is not required, enable read-only mode if the option is available.
  • Turn off file sharing if not needed. If file sharing is required, use ACLs and password protection to limit access. Disable anonymous access to shared folders. Grant access only to user accounts with strong passwords to folders that must be shared.
  • Turn off and remove unnecessary services. By default, many operating systems install auxiliary services that are not critical. These services are avenues of attack. If they are removed, threats have less avenues of attack.
  • If a threat exploits one or more network services, disable, or block access to, those services until a patch is applied.
  • Always keep your patch levels up-to-date, especially on computers that host public services and are accessible through the firewall, such as HTTP, FTP, mail, and DNS services.
  • Configure your email server to block or remove email that contains file attachments that are commonly used to spread threats, such as .vbs, .bat, .exe, .pif and .scr files.
  • Isolate compromised computers quickly to prevent threats from spreading further. Perform a forensic analysis and restore the computers using trusted media.
  • Train employees not to open attachments unless they are expecting them. Also, do not execute software that is downloaded from the Internet unless it has been scanned for viruses. Simply visiting a compromised Web site can cause infection if certain browser vulnerabilities are not patched.
  • If Bluetooth is not required for mobile devices, it should be turned off. If you require its use, ensure that the device's visibility is set to "Hidden" so that it cannot be scanned by other Bluetooth devices. If device pairing must be used, ensure that all devices are set to "Unauthorized", requiring authorization for each connection request. Do not accept applications that are unsigned or sent from unknown sources.
  • For further information on the terms used in this document, please refer to the Security Response glossary.
Writeup By: Kaoru Hayashi
Summary| Technical Details| Removal

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