1. Symantec/
  2. Security Response/
  3. Trojan.Tbot


Risk Level 2: Low

December 7, 2012
December 14, 2012 9:26:45 AM
Infection Length:
Systems Affected:
When the Trojan is executed, it creates the following files:
  • C:\Documents and Settings\Administrator\Application Data\[RANDOM CHARACTERS FOLDER NAME]\[RANDOM CHARACTERS FILE NAME].exe
  • C:\Documents and Settings\Administrator\Application Data\[RANDOM CHARACTERS FOLDER NAME]\[RANDOM CHARACTERS FILE NAME].tmp
  • C:\Documents and Settings\Administrator\Application Data\[RANDOM CHARACTERS FOLDER NAME]\[RANDOM CHARACTERS FILE NAME].upp
  • C:\Documents and Settings\Administrator\Application Data\tor\cached-certs
  • C:\Documents and Settings\Administrator\Application Data\tor\cached-consensus
  • C:\Documents and Settings\Administrator\Application Data\tor\cached-descriptors
  • C:\Documents and Settings\Administrator\Application Data\tor\cached-descriptors.new
  • C:\Documents and Settings\Administrator\Application Data\tor\hidden_service\hostname
  • C:\Documents and Settings\Administrator\Application Data\tor\hidden_service\private_key
  • C:\Documents and Settings\Administrator\Application Data\tor\lock
  • C:\Documents and Settings\Administrator\Application Data\tor\state
  • C:\Documents and Settings\Administrator\Local Settings\Temp\OpenCL.dll

The Trojan then creates the following registry entry:
HKEY_USERS\S-1-5-21-1172441840-534431857-1906119351-500\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Run\{58918AFF-36B7-5CDE-6038-278B35A6192F}: "C:\Documents and Settings\Administrator\Application Data\[RANDOM CHARACTERS FOLDER NAME]\[RANDOM CHARACTERS FILE NAME].exe"

The Trojan copies itself to the following location:
%UserProfile%\Application Data

The Trojan creates a directory with a random name and renames itself with a random string.

The Trojan injects itself into an svchost.exe process and terminates the original process.

The Trojan connects to an IRC channel and receives commands which may perform the following actions:
  • Steal information from the compromised computer and send it to the remote attacker
  • Download and execute files from a remote location
  • Download and inject files into a running process
  • Connect to an arbitrary URL
  • Set up a SOCKS proxy
  • Support denial-of-service attacks

The Trojan drops the following files:
  • Tor: A network client for the Tor anonymous network that is used to route and hide all the network traffic the threat sends to the IRC C&C server
  • Trojan.Zbot: An additional threat installed by Trojan.Tbot
  • CGMiner: An open source bitcoin mining tool used for performing CPU intensive work in exchange for Bitcoin currency


Symantec Security Response encourages all users and administrators to adhere to the following basic security "best practices":

  • Use a firewall to block all incoming connections from the Internet to services that should not be publicly available. By default, you should deny all incoming connections and only allow services you explicitly want to offer to the outside world.
  • Enforce a password policy. Complex passwords make it difficult to crack password files on compromised computers. This helps to prevent or limit damage when a computer is compromised.
  • Ensure that programs and users of the computer use the lowest level of privileges necessary to complete a task. When prompted for a root or UAC password, ensure that the program asking for administration-level access is a legitimate application.
  • Disable AutoPlay to prevent the automatic launching of executable files on network and removable drives, and disconnect the drives when not required. If write access is not required, enable read-only mode if the option is available.
  • Turn off file sharing if not needed. If file sharing is required, use ACLs and password protection to limit access. Disable anonymous access to shared folders. Grant access only to user accounts with strong passwords to folders that must be shared.
  • Turn off and remove unnecessary services. By default, many operating systems install auxiliary services that are not critical. These services are avenues of attack. If they are removed, threats have less avenues of attack.
  • If a threat exploits one or more network services, disable, or block access to, those services until a patch is applied.
  • Always keep your patch levels up-to-date, especially on computers that host public services and are accessible through the firewall, such as HTTP, FTP, mail, and DNS services.
  • Configure your email server to block or remove email that contains file attachments that are commonly used to spread threats, such as .vbs, .bat, .exe, .pif and .scr files.
  • Isolate compromised computers quickly to prevent threats from spreading further. Perform a forensic analysis and restore the computers using trusted media.
  • Train employees not to open attachments unless they are expecting them. Also, do not execute software that is downloaded from the Internet unless it has been scanned for viruses. Simply visiting a compromised Web site can cause infection if certain browser vulnerabilities are not patched.
  • If Bluetooth is not required for mobile devices, it should be turned off. If you require its use, ensure that the device's visibility is set to "Hidden" so that it cannot be scanned by other Bluetooth devices. If device pairing must be used, ensure that all devices are set to "Unauthorized", requiring authorization for each connection request. Do not accept applications that are unsigned or sent from unknown sources.
  • For further information on the terms used in this document, please refer to the Security Response glossary.
Writeup By: Branko Spasojevic
Summary| Technical Details| Removal

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