1. Symantec/
  2. Security Response/
  3. Backdoor.Matsnu.B


Risk Level 1: Very Low

April 17, 2013
June 6, 2013 11:52:14 AM
Also Known As:
Trojan.Ransomlock.P [Symantec]
Infection Length:
Between 31,923 bytes and 164,864 bytes
Systems Affected:
When the Trojan is executed, it copies itself as one of the following files:
  • %Temp%\[RANDOM FILE NAME].exe
  • %UserProfile%\Application Data\[RANDOM FILE NAME].exe
  • %UserProfile%\[RANDOM FILE NAME].exe

Next, it creates the following registry entries so that it runs every time Windows starts:
  • HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Run\"[COMPUTER SPECIFIC STRING]" = "[PATH TO TROJAN]"
  • HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\Windows NT\CurrentVersion\Windows\"load" = "[PATH TO TROJAN]"
  • HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\Windows NT\CurrentVersion\Windows\"run" = "[PATH TO TROJAN]"
  • HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Explorer\User Shell Folders\"Startup" = "[PATH TO TROJAN FOLDER]"

It creates the following mutex so that only one instance of the Trojan runs on the computer:

The Trojan then opens a back door on the compromised computer by connecting to one of the following URLs and waits for commands from the remote attacker:
  • [http://]zeouk-gt.com/typo[REMOVED]
  • [http://]mbqdczxrz.com/typo[REMOVED]
  • [http://]seodirect-proxy.com/typo[REMOVED]
  • [http://]pcv-onlines.com/[REMOVED]
  • [http://]pgcv-online.com/[REMOVED]
  • [http://]temp-proxy24.com/typo[REMOVED]
  • [http://]temp24-proxy24.com/typo[REMOVED]
  • [http://]online-proxy101.com/typo[REMOVED]
  • [http://]porkysolderxx.com/amc[REMOVED]
  • [http://]openwebspace-apo.com/user-057708/foru[REMOVED]
  • [http://]aqzwzisxu.com/forum[REMOVED]
  • [http://]dhderzaw.com/forum[REMOVED]
  • [http://]mbqczxrz.com/typo[REMOVED]
  • [http://]pcviehppf.com/typo[REMOVED]
  • [http://]nvufvwieg.com/forum[REMOVED]
  • [http://]opapodkiu.com/odriw0/foru[REMOVED]
  • [http://]vgs-shops.com/typo[REMOVED]
  • [http://]hguupvsje.com/forum[REMOVED]
  • [http://]aqzwzisxf.com/forum[REMOVED]
  • [http://]hguudpvsje.com/typo[REMOVED]

The attacker may perform the following actions:
  • Download and execute files
  • Update itself
  • Update the list of aforementioned URLs
  • Delete all files and folders in any hard drives found
  • Overwrite the first 10,000 bytes in fixed hard drives, thereby corrupting the Master Boot Record (MBR)
  • Delete the following files, thereby preventing the computer from starting properly:
    • %DriveLetter%\ntldr
    • %DriveLetter%\ntdetect.com


Symantec Security Response encourages all users and administrators to adhere to the following basic security "best practices":

  • Use a firewall to block all incoming connections from the Internet to services that should not be publicly available. By default, you should deny all incoming connections and only allow services you explicitly want to offer to the outside world.
  • Enforce a password policy. Complex passwords make it difficult to crack password files on compromised computers. This helps to prevent or limit damage when a computer is compromised.
  • Ensure that programs and users of the computer use the lowest level of privileges necessary to complete a task. When prompted for a root or UAC password, ensure that the program asking for administration-level access is a legitimate application.
  • Disable AutoPlay to prevent the automatic launching of executable files on network and removable drives, and disconnect the drives when not required. If write access is not required, enable read-only mode if the option is available.
  • Turn off file sharing if not needed. If file sharing is required, use ACLs and password protection to limit access. Disable anonymous access to shared folders. Grant access only to user accounts with strong passwords to folders that must be shared.
  • Turn off and remove unnecessary services. By default, many operating systems install auxiliary services that are not critical. These services are avenues of attack. If they are removed, threats have less avenues of attack.
  • If a threat exploits one or more network services, disable, or block access to, those services until a patch is applied.
  • Always keep your patch levels up-to-date, especially on computers that host public services and are accessible through the firewall, such as HTTP, FTP, mail, and DNS services.
  • Configure your email server to block or remove email that contains file attachments that are commonly used to spread threats, such as .vbs, .bat, .exe, .pif and .scr files.
  • Isolate compromised computers quickly to prevent threats from spreading further. Perform a forensic analysis and restore the computers using trusted media.
  • Train employees not to open attachments unless they are expecting them. Also, do not execute software that is downloaded from the Internet unless it has been scanned for viruses. Simply visiting a compromised Web site can cause infection if certain browser vulnerabilities are not patched.
  • If Bluetooth is not required for mobile devices, it should be turned off. If you require its use, ensure that the device's visibility is set to "Hidden" so that it cannot be scanned by other Bluetooth devices. If device pairing must be used, ensure that all devices are set to "Unauthorized", requiring authorization for each connection request. Do not accept applications that are unsigned or sent from unknown sources.
  • For further information on the terms used in this document, please refer to the Security Response glossary.
Writeup By: Masaki Suenaga
Summary| Technical Details| Removal

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