1. Symantec/
  2. Security Response/
  3. Android.Backflash


Risk Level 1: Very Low

September 17, 2013
November 8, 2013 3:44:16 PM
Infection Length:
Systems Affected:
Android package file
The Trojan may arrive as a package with the following characteristics:

Package name: com.adobe.flash
Version: 2.2
Name: Adobe Flash Player

When the Trojan is being installed, it requests permissions to perform the following actions:
  • Access browser history
  • Access information about and change WiFi connectivity state
  • Access information about currently or recently running tasks
  • Access information about networks
  • Allow access to low-level system logs
  • Broadcast a notification that an application package has been added, installed, or replaced
  • Change network connectivity state
  • Check the phone's current state
  • Create new SMS messages
  • Send SMS messages
  • Monitor incoming SMS messages
  • Disable the key guard
  • Initiate a phone call without using the Phone UI or requiring confirmation from the user
  • Kill background processes
  • Monitor, read, and send SMS messages
  • Monitor, modify, or end outgoing calls
  • Open network connections
  • Open windows that are shown on top of all other applications
  • Prevent processor from sleeping or screen from dimming
  • Read or write to the system settings
  • Read user's contacts data
  • Start once the device has finished booting
  • Use the device's mic to record audio
  • Write to external storage devices

Once installed, the application will display an icon with the a letter F on a red background.

The Trojan is a fake Flash application for Android devices and must be manually installed.

Once executed, the Trojan requests Device Administrator privileges.

If there is an attempt to disable Device Administrator privileges by accessing the device settings, the Trojan will restart device settings every 10 milliseconds.

Next, the Trojan opens a back door on the device and connects to the following command-and-control (C&C) server:
  • [http://]private-area.ru/israel/gate[REMOVED]

The Trojan then sends the following information to the above C&C server:
  • Phone number
  • Network
  • Country

It may then receive commands from the above C&C server and perform malicious activities on the compromised device.

The Trojan may also display a lock screen asking for a code in order to delete the fake Flash plugin. The lock screen can be bypassed by pressing cancel.

The Trojan may also steal the user's login credentials for banking websites. It sends the stolen information to the following location:
  • [http://]adobe-flash.org/https/gate[REMOVED]


Symantec Security Response encourages all users and administrators to adhere to the following basic security "best practices":

  • Use a firewall to block all incoming connections from the Internet to services that should not be publicly available. By default, you should deny all incoming connections and only allow services you explicitly want to offer to the outside world.
  • Enforce a password policy. Complex passwords make it difficult to crack password files on compromised computers. This helps to prevent or limit damage when a computer is compromised.
  • Ensure that programs and users of the computer use the lowest level of privileges necessary to complete a task. When prompted for a root or UAC password, ensure that the program asking for administration-level access is a legitimate application.
  • Disable AutoPlay to prevent the automatic launching of executable files on network and removable drives, and disconnect the drives when not required. If write access is not required, enable read-only mode if the option is available.
  • Turn off file sharing if not needed. If file sharing is required, use ACLs and password protection to limit access. Disable anonymous access to shared folders. Grant access only to user accounts with strong passwords to folders that must be shared.
  • Turn off and remove unnecessary services. By default, many operating systems install auxiliary services that are not critical. These services are avenues of attack. If they are removed, threats have less avenues of attack.
  • If a threat exploits one or more network services, disable, or block access to, those services until a patch is applied.
  • Always keep your patch levels up-to-date, especially on computers that host public services and are accessible through the firewall, such as HTTP, FTP, mail, and DNS services.
  • Configure your email server to block or remove email that contains file attachments that are commonly used to spread threats, such as .vbs, .bat, .exe, .pif and .scr files.
  • Isolate compromised computers quickly to prevent threats from spreading further. Perform a forensic analysis and restore the computers using trusted media.
  • Train employees not to open attachments unless they are expecting them. Also, do not execute software that is downloaded from the Internet unless it has been scanned for viruses. Simply visiting a compromised Web site can cause infection if certain browser vulnerabilities are not patched.
  • If Bluetooth is not required for mobile devices, it should be turned off. If you require its use, ensure that the device's visibility is set to "Hidden" so that it cannot be scanned by other Bluetooth devices. If device pairing must be used, ensure that all devices are set to "Unauthorized", requiring authorization for each connection request. Do not accept applications that are unsigned or sent from unknown sources.
  • For further information on the terms used in this document, please refer to the Security Response glossary.
Writeup By: Tommy Dong
Summary| Technical Details| Removal

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